A Double Pass Reverse Osmosis (DPRO) System is when the permeate water is fed into a second RO unit to produce more pure water. A two or double stage RO is when the concentrate or reject stream is fed into a second RO system to recover water, respectively. Reverse Osmosis Systems are designed to purify water by rejecting around 99% of Total Dissolved Solids from the feed water. Single Pass RO Systems produce product water (permeate) and reject water (concentrate) at the same time.
How does a Double Pass RO System Work?
Double Pass Reverse Osmosis Systems are composed of two RO systems (1st Pass and 2nd Pass) wherein the 1st pass has a bigger volumetric flow rate capacity than the 2nd pass. In between them, there should be a break tank where either permeate or the concentrate water of the 1st pass RO is stored and fed into the 2nd pass RO for further filtration. Pre-treatment is required to be provided for both the 1st pass and the 2nd pass RO systems if the application will be water recovery, as the quality of the concentrate water on the 1st pass should be bordering on the saturation point. On the other hand, an application might only require a 1st pass pre-treatment if it’s being used as permeate to feed the 2nd pass.
Why a Double Pass Reverse Osmosis System?
DPRO, in most cases, is used when there is a specific desired water quality level on the final permeate, as required by the process equipment. It can be a combination of two brackish water RO systems or a sea water RO followed by a brackish water RO system. Some plants are starting to reuse water due to community pressure to minimize the use of either city supplied water or drawing water from raw sources, which dries up the aquifer of their area. These plants use a DPRO to increase water efficiency of their systems. Single Pass RO systems can only recover up to 80% of the feed water by design. Using a DPRO can increase water recovery above 90%.
Many parts of the world are facing droughts and pressure to conserve water. A DPRO system is able to help by minimizing the reject water generation. Some manufacturing facilities are pushing a little further by applying the Zero Liquid Discharge plan by using a DPRO, Evaporator, or Brine Concentrator to separate the salt from pure water on the final treatment phase, and a Salt Crystallizer at the end.
A Mixed Bed Deionizing (MBDI) system can also be used to polish the permeate water of the Single Pass RO system if the application is just concerned about the water quality. However, due to environmental concerns of hazardous chemicals needed to regenerate a DI units, engineers are specifying to use DPRO if the final water quality will be within the range of their requirement. An Electro Deionization (EDI) system is a complimentary water polishing system to the DPRO should the plant need and ultrapure water for Semi-Conductor or advanced microchip production applications.
- Power Plants
- Boiler Feed Water
- Mining Industry
- Chemical Blending
- Plating Operations
- Cooling Towers
- Ion Exchange Pre-treatment
- Metal Finishing
- EDI Pre-treatment
- Rinse Water
- Spot Free Product Rinse
All our brackish water reverse osmosis systems can be ordered in double pass configuration.
In May 2009, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied a Double Pass Industrial Water Maker followed by an Industrial Brackish Water RO Unit to produce drinking water with Boron content less than 1ppm for a military base at the Oman Ministry of Defense. The Industrial Water Maker was selected from our SWI Series, while the Industrial Brackish RO Unit was selected from our RO-400 Series. These units came complete with an advanced PLC, cleaning and flushing systems, coagulant, pre & post dechlorination, and antiscalant dosing systems. Feed water to the system is processed water and seawater well. The Water Maker produced 188,000 GPD at a maximum 45,000 PPM feed water TDS while the Brackish RO Unit produced 130,000 GPD with a 100 ppm feed water TDS. For more information please click here: http://www.pureaqua.com/custom-water-treatment-systems.html
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