Reverse Osmosis & Water Treatment in Jordan
Jordan is a nation of six-and-a-half million people in the Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, next to Iraq (to the east). It has a strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba.
The water profile of Jordan is dominated by systematic unsustainable overdrafting of groundwater and extraction of surface water. Principal overexploitation of water has been occurring in the Jordan River Valley, with resultant delcine in the level of the Dead Sea and in the Jordan Valley.
Its major environmental issues include:
• Limited natural freshwater resources
• Soil erosion
Total Renewable Water Resources: 0.9 cu km (1997)
Freshwater Withdrawal: 1.01 cu km/yr (21% domestic, 4% industrial, 75% agricultural)
Per Capita Freshwater Withdrawal: 177 cu m/yr (2000)
Surface Water Resources
Surface water resources are unevenly distributed among 15 basins. The largest source of external surface water is the Yarmouk river, at the border with Syria. Originally, the annual flow of the Yarmouk river was estimated at about 400 million m3 (of which about 100 million m3 are withdrawn by Israel). Total flow is now much lower than 400 million m3 as a result of the upstream Syrian development works which were done in the 1980's. The Yarmouk river accounts for 40% of the surface water resources of Jordan, including water contributed from the Syrian part of the Yarmouk basin. It is the main source of water for the King Abdullah canal and is thus considered to be the backbone of development in the Jordan valley. Other major basins include Zarqa, Jordan river side wadis, Mujib, the Dead Sea, Hasa and Wadi Araba. Internally generated surface water resources are estimated at 400 million m3/year.
Jordan's groundwater is distributed among 12 major basins. Total internally produced renewable groundwater resources have been estimated at 500 million m3/year, of which 220 million m3 constitute the base flow of the rivers. Groundwater resources are concentrated mainly in the Yarmouk, Amman-Zarqa, and Dead Sea basins.
The safe yield of renewable groundwater resources is estimated at 275 million m3/year. Most of it is at present exploited at maximum capacity, in some cases beyond safe yield. Of the 12 groundwater basins, 6 are being overextracted, 4 are balanced with respect to abstraction and 2 are under-exploited. Average groundwater depletion was estimated at 190 million m3/year in 1990. Over-extraction of groundwater resources has degraded water quality and reduced exploitable quantities, resulting in the abandonment of many municipal and irrigation water well fields, such as in the area of Dhuleil.
The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries have water shortages and 2 billion people lack access to clean water. More disturbingly, the World Health Organization has reported that 1 billion people lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs, unfortunately in many countries water is scarce or contaminated.
Pure Aqua provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Jordan's water resources.
Jordan's main water resources are:
- Surface water “is water from river, rain water, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Media Water Filters, Brackish Water RO.
- Desalination can be used for water from ocean, or sea source, which can be treated using Sea Water Reverse Osmosis Systems; Desalination Systems
- Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Media Water Filters, Chemical Dosing, UV Sterilizers.
- Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softeners, Media Water Filters
Pure Aqua manufactures water treatment systems that meet the World Health Organization requirements.
Completed Water Purification Projects for Jordan: