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Water Treatment Plants



Have you ever wondered where your tap water comes from? It doesn’t just magically flow to your pipes from the land of clean fresh water. It is actually piped to your home from city municipal water treatment plants. These plants are where water from many different sources are collected and treated to be made ready and available for human consumption and use. They treat ground water, surface water and rain water. Often times depending on the facility they will even treat waste water. Obviously this is kept separate from the water designated for the tap. Instead this waste water is usually treated and used for irrigation purposes like watering lawns and crops.

How is the water treated? What is the process? Each water treatment plant is different, but the basics are very similar. Many plants use the method of coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection and then storage, or other similar processes to treat the water. Once the process is complete, the water then is piped directly to local homes, industries and businesses.

To get an idea of how certain water treatment plants work, let’s take a look at the basic process. Depending on the source, water is piped from local lakes, rivers, ground and well water. From there it is piped into the plant. Coagulation consists of removing dirt and other particles from the water. Chemicals are then added to form sticky particles called ‘floc’. These particles attach to the dirt and their combined weight makes them sink to the bottom of the tank where they stay during the stage called sedimentation. From here they go to filtration. Here the water passes through different types of filters such as sand, gravel, and charcoal. This helps to remove smaller particles that the floc didn’t previously catch. Charcoal also helps to remove odors, colors, and bad tastes from the water. Disinfection is one of the final stages the water undergoes. Chlorine is added to kill any bacteria or microorganisms that may still exist in the water. From here it goes to a storage tank or closed reservoir where it awaits distribution to local homes, businesses and industries.

Even though water from water treatment plants is filtered and good enough to drink, many people who own private homes still like to install residential reverse osmosis units under their sinks for added purification. While this is not necessary, many people feel that the water is safer to drink this way, plus many like the taste of twice filtered water better. Either way, water from your local water treatment plant is safe and pure to drink.

Pure Aqua custom engineers complete integrated water treatments plants from raw water intake to product water distribution and building specifications. Applications include brackish and surface water treatment and seawater desalination for industrial or drinking water uses.

Water Treatment Plants
Pure Aqua custom engineers complete integrated water treatments plants from raw water intake to product water distribution and building specifications. Applications include brackish and surface water treatment and seawater desalination for industrial or drinking water uses.

Included in a Budgetary Quote:

  • Process and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID)
  • General Footprint
  • Engineering documentation

Pure Aqua's scope of supply is defined by battery limits, plants consist of modular water treatment skids equipped with their necessary components. These skid-mounted systems allow for easy installation and maintenance.

Delivered Projects Include:

  • General Arrangement 3D drawings of all systems
  • General Layout 3D drawings of plant with interconnecting piping
  • Plant and system layouts in 2D CAD
  • Electrical drawings
  • Building specifications and loads
  • Commissioning
  • Personnel Training
  • Technical handbooks
  • Installation / Operation / Maintenance manuals

 

 

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