Reverse Osmosis & Water Treatment in Turkey
Turkey is a nation of eighty million people in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria.
Its major environmental issues include:
• Water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents
• Air pollution, particularly in urban areas
• Concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic
Turkey is susceptible to severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van.
Total Renewable Water Resources: 234 cu km (2003)
Freshwater Withdrawal: 39.78 cu km/yr (15% domestic, 11% industrial, 74% agricultural)
Per Capita Freshwater Withdrawal: 544 cu m/yr (2001)
See: Water profile of Turkey
A figure of 12.2 km3/year for groundwater is given for the year 1994. It probably represents identified development potential, and a figure of 20.0 km3/year for yearly groundwater recharge is probably a more realistic estimate. Groundwater flows to other countries are not known. However, the sources of the Khabour River, situated in Syria, with a runoff of 1.2 km3/year, have their origin in groundwater coming from Turkey.
By the end of 1991, the construction of 164 large dams, mostly rockfill or earthfill dams, and 765 small dams had been completed and put into service for water supply, irrigation, hydropower, and flood control. Total dam capacity is about 206 km3. In addition, in 1992, (in the Firat River) 78 large dams and 172 small dams were under construction. The Ataturk Dam on the Euphrates south-eastern part of the country, with a total storage capacity of 48.5 km3, is one of the 10 largest dams in the world. In the beginning of 1990, the filling of the reservoir behind the dam started and was completed in 1992. The surface area of the reservoir is about 817 km2.
It is estimated that 95 km3 of the total surface runoff of 192.8 km3/year could be technically developed for economic use. In 1992, total annual water withdrawal was 31.6 km3, of which agricultural use accounted for 72.5% (16.4% is withdrawn for domestic use and 11.1% for industrial use). About 24% of total water withdrawal, or 7.6 km3, was estimated to be groundwater, of which 3.7 km3 was for agricultural purposes. Almost 98% of the urban and 85% of the rural populations have access to safe drinking water. The treatment of domestic wastewater is estimated at 0.1 km3/year.
The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries have water shortages and 2 billion people lack access to clean water. More disturbingly, the World Health Organization has reported that 1 billion people lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs, unfortunately in many countries water is scarce or contaminated.
Pure Aqua provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Turkey's water resources.
Turkey's main water resources are:
Surface water “is water from river, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Media Water Filters, Brackish Water RO.
Desalination can be used for water from ocean, or sea source, which can be treated using Sea Water Reverse Osmosis Systems; Desalination Systems
Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Media Water Filters, Chemical Dosing, UV Sterilizers.
Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softeners, Media Water Filters
Pure Aqua manufactures water treatment systems that meet the World Health Organization requirements.
Completed Water Purification Projects for Turkey: