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Reverse Osmosis & Water Treatment in Philippines

The Philippines is a tropical country consisting of more than 7,000 islands. It is one of the largest island groups in the world covering a total area of 300,000 square kilometers (km2), 92 percent of which is accounted for by the 11 largest islands. The archipelago is bounded by the South China Sea in the west, by the Philippines Sea (Pacific Ocean) in the east, by the Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea in the south and by the Bashi Channel in the north. Its northernmost islands are approximately 240 kilometers (km) south of the island of Taiwan, and the southernmost islands lie 24 km off the coast of Borneo (Malaysia). Of the 7,000 islands, only 3,144 are named. There are also thousands of small islets grouped with the larger islands. The Philippines is divided into three major island groups: Luzon, with an area of 142,000 km2; Visayas, with an area of 56,000 km2; and Mindanao, with an area of 102,000 km2. These three groups are further divided into regions, provinces, cities, and municipalities, which are further divided into barangays. In 1996, the country had 12 regions plus 3 specific regions, namely the Metropolitan Manila (national capital region), the Cordillera Administrative Region, and the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. There are 76 provinces, 60 cities, 1,544 municipalities, and 41,921 barangays. 

The Philippines has a varied topography with highlands and numerous valleys. Its four major lowland plains are the central plain and the Cagayan valley in Luzon, the Agusan valley and the Cotabato valley in Mindanao. These lowlands contrast sharply with the adjacent high mountain areas of the central and east Cordilleras and the Zambales mountains. The highest peaks reach almost 3,000 meters (m) above sea level at less than 30 km from the sea. 

River Basins and Water Resources
 
There are 421 rivers in the country, not counting small mountain streams that sometimes swell to three times their size during rainy months. The rivers are an important means of transportation and a valuable source of water for irrigation for the fields and farms through which they pass. There are also 59 natural lakes and more than 100,000 ha of freshwater swamps. 
 
The five principal river basins (more than 5,000 km2) are: the Cagayan River basin in north Luzon (25,469 km2); the Mindanao River basin (23,169 km2) in Mindanao island; the Agusan River basin (10,921 km2) in Mindanao island; the Pampanga River basin (9,759 km2) near Manila in Luzon island; and the Agno River basin (5,952 km2) in Luzon island. Only 18 river basins have an area greater than 1,000 km2: 8 of them are in Mindanao island, 7 in Luzon island, 2 in Panay island, and 1 in Negros island. The smallest river basins are frequently under 50 km2. 
 
 Groundwater Resources
 
There are four major groundwater reservoirs (Cagayan, 10,000 km2; Central Luzon, 9,000 km2; Agusan, 8,500 km2; Cotobato, 6,000 km2) which, when combined with smaller reservoirs already identified, would aggregate to an area of about 50,000 km2. 
 
Private wells are extensively used in rural areas for domestic purposes. Municipal waterworks wells are drilled by the Local Water Utilities Administration for domestic purposes and deep wells have been drilled by the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) for irrigation purposes. 
 
The groundwater resources are estimated at 180 km3/year, of which 80 percent (145 km3/year) would constitute the base flow of the river systems. The total internal water resources would therefore amount to 479 km3/year. 
 

The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries have water shortages and 2 billion people lack access to clean water. More disturbingly, the World Health Organization has reported that 1 billion people lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs, unfortunately in many countries water is scarce or contaminated.


Pure Aqua provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Philippines' water resources.

 

Philippines' main water resources are:

  • Surface water “is water from river, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Media Water Filters, Brackish Water RO.

  • Desalination can be used for water from ocean, or sea source, which can be treated using Sea Water Reverse Osmosis Systems; Desalination Systems

  • Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Media Water Filters, Chemical Dosing, UV Sterilizers.

  • Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softeners, Media Water Filters 

Pure Aqua manufactures water treatment systems that meet the World Health Organization requirements.

 

 

 

Completed Water Purification Projects for Philippines:

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