Reverse Osmosis & Water Treatment in Moldova
Moldova is a landlocked country in southeast Europe with a total area of 33,700 square kilometers (km2). It is bordered in the west by Romania and in the north, east and south by Ukraine. It became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. For administrative purposes, Moldova is divided into 42 provinces.
The northern part of the country belongs to the Podole highland and the southern part to the Black Sea lowland. The average altitude is 147 meters (m) above sea level. The highest peak is 430 m above sea level and 75% of the country lies below an altitude of 200 m. Black soil, the world's most fertile soil, covers about 75% of Moldova's agricultural land. In the Soviet era, the country, representing only 0.15% of the total area of the Soviet Union, produced 40% of the Soviet Union's tobacco, 10% of its fruits, and 5% of its vegetables. However, the country's location makes it prone to marked changes in weather conditions, resulting in fluctuating agricultural production. The agricultural potential is concentrated in two regions:
•the north, with the rich black soils and the fertile Dnestr River valley;
•the south, with its calcium soils (carbonate black soils) and warm climate, which make it particularly suitable for irrigated vineyards, as well as for peach and apricot orchards.
The country can be divided into three main river basins:
•The Dnestr (called `Nistru' in Moldova) basin. It covers about 57% of the country. The Dnestr rises in Ukraine and forms the border between Ukraine and Moldova in parts of the north, northeast and southeast before flowing back into Ukraine, where it continues for some 20 kilometers (km) before reaching the Black Sea with an average annual discharge of 10 cubic kilometers (km3).
•The Danube basin. It covers about 35% of the country. The Prut River, a tributary of the Danube, rises in Ukraine and forms the border between Moldova and Romania before flowing into the Danube just after crossing the border into Ukraine. The Danube River then continues for about 125 km before flowing into the Black Sea. Where the Prut River becomes the border between Romania and Moldova, its average annual flow is estimated at 2.9 km3. Its average discharge into the Danube is also estimated at 2.9 km3/year, which would mean that all the water generated between the northern and southern parts within Moldova and Romania is used. There are a number of small seasonal tributaries of the Danube in southern Moldova that flow into the Danube after having crossed the border to Ukraine.
•The southern basins. In the south of the country, between the Dnestr and the Danube basins, several other rivers rise and flow across the border into Ukraine and then into the Black Sea. Their basins cover about 8% of the country.
The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries have water shortages and 2 billion people lack access to clean water. More disturbingly, the World Health Organization has reported that 1 billion people lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs, unfortunately in many countries water is scarce or contaminated.
Pure Aqua provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Moldova's water resources.
Moldova's main water resources are:
- Surface water “is water from river, rain water, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Media Water Filters, Brackish Water RO.
- Desalination can be used for water from ocean, or sea source, which can be treated using Sea Water Reverse Osmosis Systems; Desalination Systems
- Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Media Water Filters, Chemical Dosing, UV Sterilizers.
- Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softeners, Media Water Filters
Pure Aqua manufactures water treatment systems that meet the World Health Organization requirements.
Completed Water Purification Projects for Moldova: