Reverse Osmosis & Water Treatment in Georgia
Georgia, with a total area of 69,700 square kilometers (km2), is located in the Caucasus region in the southeast of Europe. It is bordered by the Russian Federation in the north, Azerbaijan in the southeast, Armenia] and Turkey in the south, and the Black Sea in the west. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 11 regions (comprising some 67 districts) plus the capital city Tbilisi. It declared its independence from the Soviet Union in April 1991.
The country can be divided into three physiographic regions: mountains covering about 54% of the total area, highlands about 33%, and valleys some 13%. The northern boundary consists of the Caucasus mountains, whose highest peak stands at some 5,000 meters (m) above sea level. About 70% of the territory lies below 1,700 m above sea level. Cropping is possible throughout the country up to 2,000 m. At higher elevations, only pastures are reported.
Since the end of the Soviet period, a process of land privatization has been undertaken. Of the total agricultural land of 3 million hectares (ha), some 0.7 million ha are now owned and cultivated by private farmers; 0.3 million ha have been leased to farmers for short-term (3-5 years), medium-term (25 years) or long-term (49 years) periods; while 2 million ha are still owned by the state. Except for some seed-breeding farms, most of the state-owned land, which is no longer managed by sovkhoz (state farms) or kolkhoz (collective farms), is not cultivated.
River Basins and Water Resources
The country can be divided into two main river basin groups:
•The Black Sea basin, in the west of the country. The RSWR generated in this basin are estimated at 42.5 cubic kilometers per year (km3/year). The main rivers are, from north to south, the Inguri, Rioni, and Chorokhi. The main stream of the Chorokhi rises in Turkey (the Corub River), and the inflow from Turkey is estimated at 6.3 km3/year.
•The Caspian Sea basin, in the east of the country. The RSWR generated in this basin are estimated at 14.4 km3/year. The main rivers are, from north to south: the Terek and Andiyskoye rivers, which rise in the north of the country and flow northeast to the Russian Federation before entering the Caspian Sea; the Alazani, Iori, and Kura rivers, which rise in Georgia and flow into Azerbaijan in Lake Adzhinour, and then flow southeast in Azerbaijan before entering the Caspian Sea. Two tributaries of the Kura River rise in Turkey: the Mktvari, with an inflow from Turkey estimated at 0.91 km3/year; and the Potskhovi, with an inflow from Turkey estimated at 0.25 km3/year. The inflow of the Debet River, a southern tributary of the Kura River, is estimated at 0.89 km3/year from Armenia.
Armenia and Georgia are now working on agreements about the use of the Lake Khanchali and Debet River waters.
The World Bank reports that at least 80 countries have water shortages and 2 billion people lack access to clean water. More disturbingly, the World Health Organization has reported that 1 billion people lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs, unfortunately in many countries water is scarce or contaminated.
Pure Aqua provides wide range of filtration and economical solutions based on the Georgia's water resources.
Georgia's main water resources are:
- Surface water “is water from river, rain water, lake or fresh water wetland, which can be treated using different methods, such as Ultrafiltration Systems, Media Water Filters, Brackish Water RO.
- Desalination can be used for water from ocean, or sea source, which can be treated using Sea Water Reverse Osmosis Systems; Desalination Systems
- Ground Water or brackish water is from water located in the pore space of soil and rock “Borehole well”, which can be treated using Reverse Osmosis Systems, Media Water Filters, Chemical Dosing, UV Sterilizers.
- Government water supply, which could have high level of hardness or high level of chlorine, can be treated with Water Softeners, Media Water Filters
Pure Aqua manufactures water treatment systems that meet the World Health Organization requirements.
Completed Water Purification Projects for Georgia: